European amusement parks are subject to one or more layers of independent examination, including national authorities, insurance companies and private safety firms. The safety legislation varies from membership country to membership country - however as a general rule, amusement- and theme parks operate under very strict internal and external control schemes.

Listed below are examples of national, European safety legislation. The approach from country to country varies – however amusement rides are typically regulated within complex and strict safety regulation covering both guests and the employees.

Belgium

In Belgium the safety of amusement rides is regulated under the law of February 9, 1994 relating to the safety of the products and the services (implementing the EU product safety directives). This regulation has been further elaborated in the Royal Decree (AR) of June 10, 2001 on attractions.

The owner of an amusement ride is responsible for the safety of the ride. The owner shall make sure, that all provisions heightening the safety of the ride is carried through, including risk analysis, all necessary preventive measures, proper signage, controls and maintenance. In this connection, a general reference to the EN 13.814 and other relevant European standards are made.

The owner shall keep records of the maintenance and repair of the amusement ride, whether this is daily, weekly, monthly or yearly. Every year, the ride shall be examined and approved by an independent inspection body, accredited by the Belgian government.

Denmark

In Denmark amusement rides are under the National Police’s jurisdiction and are regulated under Announcement nr. 502 of June 17th 2005 concerning public amusements (law nr. 444 of July 9th 2004), ), changed by Announcement 646 of 26. of June 2009.

The Danish safety scheme is almost identical to the Swedish system, meaning that:

→ All rides shall be inspected and approved by an independent inspection body authorized by the Police and certified by DANAK.
→ All inspections take place in accordance with Euro Norm 13.814 as well as other relevant EN-standards.
→ All rides must be constructed in accordance with the Danish building codes as well as environmental legislation.
→ All amusement rides must be constructed and operated in accordance with the national health and safety laws.

The Danish legislation is under revisioin. The updated legislation includes more precise requirements when it comes to training of ride-operators, mandatory log-books as well as inspection procedures.

France

A new law on ride safety was approved February 13th 2008 (LOI n° 2008-1369). The cornerstone of the law is that it recognizes the ability for a Park to implement their own inspection-systems and to submit results of the inspections to a Government authorized, independent inspection body:

→ All fixed site rides and fair attractions should be designed, built, installed, operated and maintained in a safely manner.
→ The parks internal maintenance- and control systems will be approved by a verified independent inspection body.
→ The name of the independent inspection body should be posted publicly, as well as the date of the last check of the ride.
→ A yearly report is submitted by the Government to the Parliament on the safety standing of the industry.

The law has been approved - however work is still done to develop a decret d'application andarreté which sets out the conditions on how to apply the law. SNELAC – the French association of attractions - is in dialogue with the Government on the implementation of the law, as the law applies but the owners do not have all the means of applying it yet. SNELAC is currently working on a certification scheme, further improving the safety standards in France.

Germany

The legislation for amusement rides derives from the building laws of the federal states of Germany. A number of building codes are enforced via these laws. Amongst these is the standard DIN 4112, which is the technical rule being applied to all amusement rides.

All essential requirements of DIN 4112 are contained in EN13814. DIN 4112 will soon be replaced by EN13814. In reality requirements of EN 13814 being more detailed or updated than in DIN 4112 will be considered already in the design process.

VDFU - the German Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions - has commissioned a manual to ensure that members meet all the legal safety requirements.

Italy

In Italy, ride safety is governed by a new law D.M. 18 maggio 2007 Norme di sicurezza per le attività di spettacolo viaggiante in force since December 2007.

The main scope of the new decree D.M. 18-05-2007 is to register all the attractions in Italy - for new rides, before putting these into service and for existing rides before December 2009. To obtain the registration and identification number it’s necessary to present to the local authorities a technical documentation composed by:

→ Technical report issued by an Independent authorised engineer or accredited certification body
→ Log Book of the ride
→ Operation and Maintenance manual of the ride.

All the documents must be in Italian, or translated into Italian. As part the technical requirements the rides shall comply the “state of art”, means they have to comply to all National (UNI 10894) and European (prEN 13814) standards, but also international standards, like ASTM, if some requirements are not covered by the National and European one.

If a ride is imported second hand from another country, certain special rules apply, depending on the country.

Norway

In Norway, all amusement rides shall be inspected and approved by the National Office of Building Technology and Administration, whose authority has been delegated to Det Norske Veritas (DNV). Amusement rides are regulated under law 1991-06-07, no. 0024 as well as Notification 1992-05-15-0339.

Furthermore a detailed guidance for assembly and operation of amusement devices from 2002 form the framework for the Norwegian safety scheme, which includes a general reference to EN 13814, but also comprises guidelines on – amongst other things – signage, fire safety, noise, barriers and maintenance procedures.

Before amusement rides are put into operation, the rides undergo an approval procedure by DNV, including manufacturer- and design-review, technical examination of the amusement construction, risk assessment as well as operational tests.

When the ride is in operation, the operator shall maintain the ride in accordance with all requirements from the manufacturer as well as DNV. All maintenance and controls are registered in logbooks. DNV carries through yearly technical inspections as well as ongoing control of all maintenance-, operational as well as health- and safety-procedures. From 2008 all DNV inspection reports are accessible to the public.

Sweden

In Sweden fixed site amusement rides are under the jurisdiction of the National Swedish Police Authority (FAP 513-1). All rides shall be inspected and approved by an independent inspection body authorized by the Police and certified by SWEDAC – both in connection with the first construction of the rides and later in connection with yearly examinations. Inspection certificates, permitting the opening of the rides, shall be visible for the users of the ride.

All inspections take place in accordance with SS-EN 13814:2005, which is identical with Euro Norm 13.814 (however with certain additions) as well as all relevant (EN-) standards concerning electrical installations, fire safety, etc. Furthermore all rides must be constructed in accordance with the Swedish building codes as well as environmental legislation. Finally the amusement rides must be constructed and operated in accordance with the national health and safety laws, meaning amongst other things that risk assessments must take place for all working procedures.

As part of the Swedish safety scheme, the operators of amusement rides must keep a log concerning all maintenance as well as internal inspections. This log is accessible to the independent inspection body as well as public authorities.

United Kingdom

In the United Kingdom fixed-site rides are regulated under The Health and Safety at Work etc Act 1974 (HSW Act) and a number of other subsequent health and safety regulations covering everything from provision and use of work equipment to disability discrimination.

Binding this substantial legislation together, Fairgrounds and amusement parks: Guidance on safe practice (HSG175) directs the safety of employers, employees and the general public using fairgrounds and amusement parks, and gives advice on measures to control risks relating to attractions, including design, operation, maintenance, repairs, and modifications of rides.

One of the cornerstones of the UK safety measures is The Amusement Devices Inspection Procedures Scheme (ADIPS) which involves a series of pre-use and in-service inspections, and applies to all amusement devices. ADIPS covers:

→ All types of inspection required for amusement devices;
→ Registration and administrative control of inspection bodies;
→ Documentation required by amusement device operators;

The amusement industry trade associations have agreed that only inspection bodies registered with ADIPS should carry out inspection and certification of amusement devices.

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